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Binda and Pilato. 1990. Tardigradi di terra del fuoco e magallanes milnesium brachyungue. Animalia, 17: 105-10.

Crowe, J. H. 1971a. Anhydrobiosis: an unsolved problem. The American Naturalist, 946: 563-73.

Dewel, Nelson, and Dewel. 1993. Tardigrada in Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, 12: 143-83.

Kinchin, I. M. 1994. The Biology of Tardigrades. Chapel Hill, Portland Press.

Morgan, C.I. and P.E. King. 1976. British Tardigrades. Synopsis of the British Fauna, No.9.

Maucci, Walter. 1991. Tre nuove specie de Eutardigradi della Groenlandia meridionale. Bollettino del Museo civico di storia naturale di Verona, 15:279-89.

Nelson. 1991. Tardigrada in Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates 501-22.

Nelson and Higgins. 1990. Tardigrada in Soil Biology Guide 393-419 .

Pilato and Binda. 1991. Milnesium tetralamellatum new species of milnesiidae from Africa. Tropical Zoology, 4: 103-6.

Puglia. (1959). Some Aspects of the Taxonomy, Ecology, and Distribution of the Tardigrades with Emphasis of the Tardigrades of East Central Illinois. Ph.D. Thesis.

Rebecchi and Nelson. 1998. Evaluation of a secondary sex character in Eutardigrades. Invertebrate Biology, 17(3): 194-8.

Schuster, Nelson, Grigarick, Christenberry. 1980. Systematic criteria of the Eutardigrade. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 99(3): 284-303.

Somme. L. & Meier, T. 1995b. Cold tolerance in tardigrada from Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 15: 221-24.

Somme, L. (1996). Anhydrobiosis and cold tolerance in tardigrades. European Journal of Entomology, 93: 349-57.

Sims, Freeman, and Hawksworth. 1988. Key Works to the Fauna and Flora of the British Isles and North-western Europe. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Stachowitsch, Micheal. 1992. The Invertebrates: An Illustrated Glossary New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Storey, K. B. and Storey, J. M. 1990. Frozen and alive. Scientific American, 92-97.

Westh, P. & Ramlov, H. 1991. Trehalose accumulation in the tardigrade Adorybiotus coronifer during anydrobiosis. The Journal of Experimental Zoology, 258: 303-11.

Wright, J. C. 1989b. Dessication tolerance and water-retentive mechanisms in Tardigrades. Journal of Experimental Biology, 142: 267-92.

Wright, J. C., Westh, P., & Ramlov, H. 1992. Cryptobiosis in Tardigrada. Biological Review, 67: 1-29.

Website Authors: Karen Lindahl and Professor Susie Balser in affiliation
with Illinois Wesleyan University. Last revised 1 Oct. 1999.